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Offline MTool

Introduction#

In order to facilitate node transfer, pledge, delegation and governance and other related operations, Alaya provides MTool to assist users:

  • MTool can support Ubuntu 18.04 and Windows 10. This document describes the installation and use under Windows and Ubuntu environments respectively. Users can choose according to their own resources.
  • MTool provides two signature methods for pledge transactions: online signature and offline signature. This document describes offline signature operations. For online signature operations, please refer to Online MTool Tutorial.
  • The main process of MTool offline signature method is: generate the file to be signed on the online machine, then sign the transaction on the offline machine, and finally send the signed transaction on the online machine.

Install MTool#

In addition, this document separately introduces the operation of MTool in Windows and Ubuntu environments. Users can choose according to their own resources; the following installation methods are installation on online machines. If you install on offline machines, you can use a mobile U disk or a mobile hard disk. Copy the installation package to the offline machine, the installation method is the same as the online installation method.

Install MTool under Windows#

Preparation before installation#

Command line:

alaya_mtool --version

If the execution result shows Cannot recognize the "alaya_mtool" item as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or executable program. Please check the spelling of the name. If you include the path, make sure that the path is correct, and then try again , it means that there is no need to perform the following operations if the old version is not installed.

If the execution result shows the version number, timestamp and other information, it means that MTool has been installed. If MTool is an old version, you need to back up important information at this time, and then manually uninstall the old version. Operation steps:

step1. Backup directory

Back up the C:\alaya_mtool\mtool\current\keystore and C:\alaya_mtool\mtool\current\validator directories to other directories (do not back them up to C:\alaya_mtool). After installing the new version, you need to copy the backup directory back to the C:\alaya_mtool\mtool\current\ directory. (If the installation directory is a custom directory, the actual one shall prevail)

step2. Uninstall the old version

Double-click C:\alaya_mtool\unins000.exe to uninstall all old versions of MTool and other business tools.

start installation#

step1. Download the MTool installation package

On the online machine, copy the link https://download.alaya.network/alaya/mtool/windows/0.16.1/mtool-setup.exe ​​to the browser to download the MTool installation package.

step2. Install MTool

Double-click mtool-setup.exe to install. The default installation directory is C:\alaya_mtool, it is recommended not to change this installation directory. The pop-up interface displays Completing the mtool Setup Wizard message indicating that the installation is successful, just click Finish.

step3. Restart the terminal

After the installation is complete, you need to restart the terminal to make the newly added environment variables take effect.

Install MTool under Ubuntu#

Preparation before installation#

Back up the ~/alaya_mtool/keystore and ~/alaya_mtool/validator directories to other directories (do not back them up to ~/alaya_mtool). After installing the new version, you need to copy the backup directory back to the ~/alaya_mtool/ directory. (If the installation directory is a custom directory, the actual one shall prevail)

start installation#

Proceed as follows:

step1. Download MTool Toolkit

wget http://download.alaya.network/alaya/mtool/linux/0.16.1/alaya_mtool.zip

step2. Unzip MTool toolkit

(if! command -v unzip;then sudo apt install unzip; fi;) && unzip alaya_mtool.zip && cd alaya_mtool

step3. Download the script

The script is downloaded to the alaya_mtool directory, otherwise the script cannot find the path of the new version of mtool.

wget https://download.alaya.network/alaya/scripts/mtool_install.sh

step4. Execute command

chmod +x mtool_install.sh && ./mtool_install.sh

-When it prompts Install mtool succeed., it means that the MTool installation is successful. If the installation is not successful, please feedback specific questions through our official customer service contact information.

step5. Restart the session window

After the installation is complete, you need to restart the session window to make the newly added environment variables take effect.

MTool environment variable description#

The environment variables used in the MTool directory under Windows and Ubuntu are different:

  • MTool catalog

    • Windows: %ALAYA_MTOOLDIR%

    • Ubuntu: $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR

Note: Users choose environment variables according to the system they have installed.

Detailed explanation of MTool wallet commands#

Note: The follow-up command is the command format under Ubuntu. Under Windows, you need to modify $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR to %ALAYA_MTOOLDIR%.

Create a cold wallet#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool account new staking
  • Parameter Description

staking: The generated wallet name. After entering the same password twice, the wallet file staking.json will be generated under the directory $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore after the creation is successful, and the following information will be printed:

-name: staking-type: NORMAL-address:address: atp124xmsmd0uf5cvk7v3s36eytqezqsjfcxscu8yv-public key: 0x9521cd81ba28d5d1c23bb7ddb7042d146375203d35000c0289178027abd4dc09bca30257739df166201e73497485242f41d5f50d46bc3c7e4385f81bde560db0
Important write this Private Key in a safe place.It is the important way to recover your account if you ever forget your password.4630b6d86bc74bffd4ca8cfc18bceec562cb40fc5080c258452a04a69bc1ee07
Important write this mnemonic phrase in a safe place.It is the important way to recover your account if you ever forget your password.worry jewel penalty jealous expect embark outer eternal verb rebuild rice kidney

The wallet address format is adjusted to Bech32, where:

ʻatp124xmsmd0uf5cvk7v3s36eytqezqsjfcxscu8yv`: main network account address, starting with atp;

4630b6d86bc74bffd4ca8cfc18bceec562cb40fc5080c258452a04a69bc1ee07 is the wallet private key;

worry jewel penalty jealous expect embark outer eternal verb rebuild rice kidney is the mnemonic phrase.

For security reasons, users need to back up the wallet's private key or mnemonic phrase (either all or one of them), which can be used for recovery when the wallet is lost. It is recommended that users back up the mnemonic phrase or private key to a secure storage medium, such as an offline machine.

Restore wallet#

If the wallet file is lost, you can use the backup private key or mnemonic to restore it, as follows:

  • Command line

    Recovery by private key:

    alaya_mtool account recover -k staking

    Prompt to enter the new wallet password and backup private key, as follows:

    Enter a passphrase to encrypt your key to disk:Repeat the passphrase:Enter your 64bit Private Key:4630b6d86bc74bffd4ca8cfc18bceec562cb40fc5080c258452a04a69bc1ee07

    or

    Recovery by mnemonic:

    alaya_mtool account recover -m staking

    Prompt to enter the new wallet password and backup mnemonic, as follows:

    Enter a passphrase to encrypt your key to disk:Repeat the passphrase:Enter your bip39 mnemonic:worry jewel penalty jealous expect embark outer eternal verb rebuild rice kidney
  • Parameter Description

    staking: The name of the wallet.

    After successful restoration, the wallet file staking.json will be generated under the directory $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore.

Create an observation wallet#

Execute the command to generate an observation wallet:

alaya_mtool create_observewallet --keystore $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking.json
  • Parameter Description

    keystore: indicates the path of the cold wallet.

The following prompt indicates that the observation wallet is successfully created:

please input keystore password: SUCCESS wallet created at: C:\tools\mtool\current\keystore\staking_observed.json

View wallet list#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool account list

Query balance according to wallet name#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool account balance $keystorename --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Variable description

$keystorename: wallet file name, such as staking.json

Check balance based on address#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool account balance -a $address --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameters

a: wallet address

Offline MTool transaction process#

The main process of MTool offline signature method is: generate the file to be signed on the online machine, then sign the transaction on the offline machine, and finally send the signed transaction on the online machine. Taking the transfer transaction as an example, the steps are as follows. For the operation of generating the file to be signed for other transactions, refer to the [MTool Transaction Command Details] (# MTool Transaction Command Details) chapter.

Generate transaction pending signature file#

Execute on online machine:

alaya_mtool tx transfer --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --amount "1" --recipient $to_address --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description:

address: Observation wallet path for sending transactions;

amount: transfer amount, unit: ATP;

recipient: recipient address;

The following information is printed, indicating successful execution:

Transfer unsigned raw: H4sIAAAAAAAAAGWOPW/DIBRF/8ubPfDhGsdrp0oZMmSrMiCMDUGADTiGRPnvoVGHSn3T1ZHuPe8Ba/j0ozwH7iIXSXt31DHB8P0Abv3masTo3zUgFNfua4SBIIxoBVPwFgbgKeM9pLweppERJTrGXH+n1KY+5Wtujckfy247JqF2NvdWnssiYagjM49HbXWVEvzWVHAKWsg/XzTgvPshtIHkf5UlxKL2tBVkCJnZnNWtm/dyn/qbiIdrNHFlysDzUjvaypi4Xepmh2jbMor6luLnC0n7ZKsMAQAAFile generated on: $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/transaction_details/transaction_detail_20191108114241.csv

Among them, transaction_detail_20191108114241.csv is the file to be signed for the transfer transaction, which needs to be copied to the offline machine for signature;

Signature transaction#

Execute on the offline machine where the cold wallet is kept:

alaya_mtool offlinesign --filelocation $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/transaction_details/transaction_detail_20191108114241.csv

Note: $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/transaction_details/transaction_detail_20191108114241.csv is the file to be signed generated in the previous step, modified to the actual file to be signed.

Enter the corresponding cold wallet password and return the signed file. The content of the file is as follows:

 ┌────────┬───────┬────────┬────────┬────────┬──── ────┬────────┬───────┬──────┐│Type │From │To │Account │Amount │Fee │Nonce │Create │Chain ││ │ │ │Type │ │ │ │Time │Id │├────────┼────────┼────────┼────────┼────────┼──── ────┼────────┼───────┼───────┤│STAKING │0xa1548d│0x100000│FREE_AMO│5000000.│0.043210│0 │2019-10│100 ││ │d61010a7│00000000│UNT_TYPE│00000000│00000000│ │-11T13:│ ││ │42cd66fb│00000000│ │00000000│0000 │ │54:06.8│ ││ │86324ab3│00000000│ │00 │ │ │97 │ ││ │e2935586│00000000│ │ │ │ │ │ ││ │4a │02 │ │ │ │ │ │ │└────────┴────────┴────────┴────────┴────────┴──── ────┴────────┴───────┴──────┘Need load 1 wallets for address: [0xa1548dd61010a742cd66fb86324ab3e29355864a]
operation finishedSUCCESSFile generated on transaction_signature/transaction_signature_20191108114625.csvtotal: 1, to be signed: 1success: 1, failure: 0

Note: transaction_signature/transaction_signature_20191108114625.csv is the signed transaction file, copy the transaction signature file to the online machine;

Send signed transaction#

Send transaction in online machine:

alaya_mtool send_signedtx --filelocation $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/transaction_signature/transaction_signature_20191108114625.csv --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json

Note: transaction_signature_20191108114625.csv is the transaction signature file generated in the previous step, modified to the actual signature file.

Enter yes to return the transaction result:

Send Transaction? (yes|no)yestransaction 1 successtransaction hash: 0xf14f74386e6ef9027c48582d7faed3b50ab1ffdd047d6ba3afcf27791afb4e9bSUCCESStotal: 1success: 1, failure: 0

Note: Prompt success and return transaction hash means that the signature transaction is sent successfully, otherwise the signature transaction fails.

Detailed explanation of MTool trading commands#

This chapter mainly describes the relevant commands for generating the csv format transaction to-be-signed file on the online machine. The generated csv file will be saved in the $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/transaction_details directory. For the complete transaction process of sending offline signatures, please refer to the [Offline MTool Transaction Process] (#Offline MTool Transaction Process) chapter.

Ordinary transfer operations#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool tx transfer --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --amount "1" --recipient $to_address --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

address: Observation wallet path for sending transactions;

amount: transfer amount, unit: ATP;

recipient: recipient address;

Create a new restricting plans#

Creating a new restricting plan, node's ATPs will be transferred to a specified precompiled contract. The ATPs will be transferred to the specified account multiple times at specified intervals. Before creating a new restricting, you need to create a restricting plan description file in json format.

  • restricting plan description file,restricting_plans.json
{  "account": "atp12jn6835z96ez93flwezrwu4xpv8e4zatwxj7ju",  "plans": [    { "epoch": 5000, "amount": 100 },    { "epoch": 6000, "amount": 100 },    { "epoch": 7000, "amount": 100 }  ]}

account:the specified account that will received ATP from the estricting plan.

epoch:the number of epoch to wait for a transfer plan (Greater than or equal to 1)

amount:the number of ATP to be transferred. Unit: ATP

  • command line
alaya_mtool create_restricting --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --file ./restricting_plans.json
  • Parameter Description

config:node configuration file

address: observation wallet file

file: restricting plan description file

Initiate a pledge operation#

If the consensus node deployment is complete and the blocks have been successfully synchronized, you can use MTool to pledge operations. After the pledge fund application is completed, ensure that the pledge account balance is sufficient, and replace the pledge deposit amount according to the user's situation. The minimum pledge threshold is 10,000 ATP.

Note: Please keep enough ATP in the pledge account to prepare for the subsequent transactions managed by the initiating node to have sufficient transaction fees, such as voting for upgrade proposals, unstaking transactions and other transactions.

  • Command line
alaya_mtool staking --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --amount 10000 --benefit_address xxx196278ns22j23awdfj9f2d4vz0pedld8a2fzwwj --delegated_reward_rate 5000 --node_name myNode --website www.mywebsite.com --details myNodeDescription --external_id 121412312
  • Parameter Description

config:node configuration file

address: pledge observation wallet file

amount: pledge amount, no less than 10000ATP-pledge threshold, no more than 8 decimal places (use free amount pledge)

restricted amount: not less than 10000ATP-pledge threshold, no more than 8 decimal places (using locked balance pledge)

autoamount: Not less than 10000ATP-Priority to use the lock-up balance staking, if the lock-up balance is not enough for the staking deposit, then use free amount staking

benefit_address: benefit account to receive block-packing reward and staking reward

delegated_reward_rate:Delegated bonus ratio, type is integer range is [0,10000], unit: ten thousand percent, e.g. enter 5000, it means the bonus ratio is 50%

nodename:node name,30 bytes(beginning with a letter, including alphabet, number, space, , -, #)

website:node website, 30 bytes

details:node description, 280 bytes

external_id:node Icon ID of keybase.io, or identity authentication ID

Modify validator information operation#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool update_validator --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --node_name myNode --website www.mywebsite.com --external_id 121412312 --delegated_reward_rate 6000 --benefit_address atx1x0f9xwr9steccekttqvml0d26zgsxwdnt4f55x --details "Modify the verifier information operation"
  • Parameter Description

config:node configuration file

address: pledge observation wallet file

benefit_address[option]: benefit account to receive block-packing reward and staking reward

delegated_reward_rate[option]:Delegated bonus ratio, type is integer range is [0,10000], unit: ten thousand percent, e.g. enter 5000, it means the bonus ratio is 50%

nodenam[option]e:node name,30 bytes(beginning with a letter, including alphabet, number, space, , -, #)

website[option]:node website, 30 bytes

details[option]:node description, 280 bytes

external_id[option]:node Icon ID of keybase.io, or identity authentication ID

Unpledge operation#

**It takes 168 settlement cycles to withdraw from the pledge, please be careful!**
  • Command line
alaya_mtool unstaking --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

None

Increase pledge operation#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool increasestaking --amount 5000000 --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

amount: Use the account balance to increase the pledge amount (ATP), no less than 10 minimum increase value, no more than 8 decimal places

restricted amount: Use the account lock balance to increase the pledge amount, no less than 10 pledge threshold, no more than 8 decimal places (use locked balance pledge)

Submit text proposal operation#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool submit_textproposal --pid_id 100 --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

pid_id: GitHub ID

Submit an upgrade proposal operation#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool submit_versionproposal --newversion 0.16.0 --end_voting_rounds 345 --pid_id 100 --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

newversion: target upgrade version, x.x.x, number plus punctuation

end_voting_rounds: the number of voting consensus rounds, the number of voting consensus rounds N, must satisfy 0 <N <= 4838 (about 2 weeks)

pid_id: GitHub ID

Submit proposal cancellation#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool submit_cancelproposal --proposalid 0x444c3df404bc1ce4d869166623514b370046cd37cdfa6e932971bc2f98afd1a6 --end_voting_rounds 12 --pid_id 100 --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

proposalid: proposal ID that needs to be cancelled, that is, the hash used to initiate the proposal transaction, 66 characters, alphanumeric

end_voting_rounds: the number of voting consensus rounds, the number of voting consensus rounds N, must satisfy 0 <N <= 4838 (about 2 weeks)

pid_id: GitHub ID

Text proposal voting operation#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool vote_textproposal --proposalid 0x444c3df404bc1ce4d869166623514b370046cd37cdfa6e932971bc2f98afd1a6 --opinion yes --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

proposalid: text proposal ID, which is the hash used to initiate the proposal transaction, 66 characters, alphanumeric

opinion: voting options, yes, no, abstain-choose one of three

Upgrade proposal voting operation#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool vote_versionproposal --proposalid 0x444c3df404bc1ce4d869166623514b370046cd37cdfa6e932971bc2f98afd1a6 --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

proposalid: upgrade proposal ID, that is, the hash used to initiate the proposal transaction, 66 characters, alphanumeric

Cancel proposal voting operation#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool vote_cancelproposal --proposalid 0x444c3df404bc1ce4d869166623514b370046cd37cdfa6e932971bc2f98afd1a6 --opinion yes --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

proposalid: cancel proposal ID, that is, the hash used to initiate the proposal transaction, 66 characters, alphanumeric composition

opinion: voting options, yes, no, abstain-choose one of three

Submit parameter proposal operation#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool submit_paramproposal --pid_id 200 --module $module --paramname $paramname --paramvalue $paramvalue --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

module: management module parameters

paramname: management module parameter name, pay attention to letter case

paramvalue: governance module parameter value

pid_id: GitHub ID

Parameter proposal voting operation#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool vote_paramproposal --proposalid 0x444c3df404bc1ce4d869166623514b370046cd37cdfa6e932971bc2f98afd1a6 --opinion yes --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

proposalid: cancel proposal ID, that is, the hash used to initiate the proposal transaction, 66 characters, alphanumeric

opinion: voting options, yes, no, abstain-choose one of three

Version statement operation#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool declare_version --address $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/keystore/staking_observed.json --config $ALAYA_MTOOLDIR/validator/validator_config.json
  • Parameter Description

None

View help#

  • Command line
alaya_mtool -h
  • Parameter Description

None